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Paediatric Vaccines

Recommended immunisations for children

11789378_xlAll new mothers must be aware that once your baby is born, there is a series of immunisation schedule that you should take note of. Immunisation is given to children as early as right after birth and through the age of 11. Immunisation is designed to protect infants and children early in life, at the time when they are most vulnerable and before they get exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases.

Through the years, immunisation has eradicated the deadly diseases that ravaged humans in history. Without the discovery of vaccines for immunisation, diseases such as the small pox, diphtheria and polio, would still have been a problem today. Immunisation of different vaccines are given at different times, depending on what age they work best, while some are given in series (e.g. total of three shots at certain intervals). Vaccines contain a weakened form of the disease, which is then injected into the body. In return, we produce antibodies to attack the ‘disease’. So in the event that we are exposed to the real disease, we have the antibodies that will destroy the disease by then. This is the process of immunisation.

Singapore has a very robust schedule of immunisation for children as early as at birth and through the age of 11.

Table 1. National Childhood Immunisation Schedule - SIngapore

Table 1. National Childhood Immunisation Schedule – Sngapore
Source: KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (http://www.kkh.com.sg/HealthPedia/Pages/ChildhoodIllnessesVaccinations.aspx)

Table 2: Sample of Immunisation Schedule with Combination/Additional Vaccines

Table 2: Sample of Immunisation Schedule with Combination/Additional Vaccines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1 enlists the basic immunisation schedule for infants and children. For parents who would like to give additional protection for their children, or as advised by the paediatrician, should take note of combination vaccines and additional vaccines available as exemplified in Table 2.

Discuss Immunisation Schedule with Your Baby’s Paediatrician

Vaccines are generally safe and effective. But nonetheless, your baby’s health must be in good condition before administration of the vaccine (i.e. baby must not be sick, no fever, no allergy, etc.), in order for the vaccine to work best. Thus, it is best to work closely with your baby’s paediatrician and discuss all your concerns. Are additional vaccines a good option for my baby? Can my baby skip an immunisation schedule? These are just some of the questions you should be raising to the doctor.

Be an Informed and Proactive Parent

Vaccines work 99% of the time and the side effects are generally well tolerated. Combination vaccines are often convenient as you immunise the child against more than one condition in one single shot. Always, it helps to be proactive and discuss any concern with your baby’s paediatrician before administering the vaccine. There are so many information you can get practically anywhere regarding all these vaccines, but it is always best to discuss them with a healthcare professional.

 

Further reading:

sps.org.sg/pdf/Schedule110712FL.pdf
www.cdc.gov/vaccines/default.htm
www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/downloads/parent-ver-sch-0-6yrs.pdf
www.hpb.gov.sg/HOPPortal/health-article/630
www.kkh.com.sg/HealthPedia/Pages/ChildhoodIllnessesVaccinations.aspx
www.sgh.com.sg/Clinical-Departments-Centers/Neonatal-Developmental-Medicine/Documents/VaccinForInfantChild06v8.pdf

 

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Gloria D. Gamat is the Medical Editor at Ezyhealth Media Pte Ltd. Trained as a research chemist, Gloria is an experienced writer across a wide-range of life sciences topics.
Posted by ezyhealth on Aug 7 2013. Filed under Medical Section. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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